Interior Design and Product Design

11/16/2008 master seni 0 Comments

Interior designing, interior decoration or decor is a practice concerned with anything that is found inside a space - walls, windows, doors, finishes, textures, light, furnishings and furniture. All of these elements are used by interior designers to develop a functional, safe, and aesthetically pleasing space for a building's user.

The work of an interior designer draws upon many disciplines including environmental psychology, architecture, product design, and traditional decoration (aesthetics and cosmetics). They plan the spaces of almost every type of building including: hotels, corporate spaces, schools, hospitals, private residences, shopping malls, restaurants, theaters, and airport terminals. Today, interior designers must be attuned to architectural detailing including: floor plans, home renovations, and construction codes.


The role of interior designer probably came into existence in the 1720s in Western Europe, mostly being performed by men of diverse backgrounds. William Kent, who was trained as a history painter, is often cited as the first person to take charge of an entire interior, including internal architecture, furniture selection, and the hanging of paintings.

In London, this role was frequently filled by the upholsterer (sometimes called the upholder), while in Paris the marchand-mercier (a "merchant of goods" who acts as general contractor) often filled this role. Architects both in Great Britain and on the European continent also often served as interior designers. Robert Adam, the neoclassical architect, is perhaps the most well-know late-century example of an architect who took on entire interiors, down to the doorknobs and fire-irons. Other 18th-century men who filled the role of interior designer include Sir William Chambers, James Wyatt and Dominique Daguerre (marchand-mercier who emigrated to England).

During the 1830s, interior decorators were responsible for the revival of interest in Gothic and Rococo styles in England. By the late 19th century, some firms set themselves apart as "art furnishers."

Modern interior decorators began with Lenygon and Morant in London, Charles Alavoine and Jeanselme in Paris, and Herter Brothers (from 1864) and Elsie De Wolfe and Ogden Codman in New York.

Size of the industry

The industry revenue in the United States for interior design was $11,108.4 million in 2007 with a revenue growth of .6%. That same year, there was around 84,018 establishments and 72,377 enterprises recorded.


Interior designers can specialize in a particular interior design discipline, such as residential and commercial design, they can also help with making rooms in the hospital and even work with schools to make offices or another things with some developing expertise within a niche design area such as hospitality, health care and institutional design. In jurisdictions where the profession is regulated by the government, designers must meet broad qualifications and show competency in the entire scope of the profession, not only in a specialty. Designers may elect to obtain specialist certification offered by private organizations. Interior designers who also possess environmental expertise in design solutions for sustainable construction can receive accreditation in this area by taking the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) examination.

The specialty areas that involve interior designers are limited only by the imagination and are continually growing and changing. With the increase in the aging population, an increased focus has been placed on developing solutions to improve the living environment of the elderly population, which takes into account health and accessibility issues that can affect the design. Awareness of the ability of interior spaces to create positive changes in people's lives is increasing, so interior design is also becoming relevant to this type of advocacy.


There is a wide range of disciplines within the career of interior design. Some of the disciplines include: structure, function, specialized performance, special group needs, discipline needed for business, computer technology, presentation skills, craft skills, social disciplines, promotional disciplines, professional disciplines, aesthetic disciplines, and disciplines with cultural implications. This list shows how interior designing encompasses many different disciplines and requires both education in science and technology as well as being moved.

Working Conditions

There are a wide range of working conditions and employment opportunities within interior design. Large corporations often hire interior designers for regular day-to-day working hours. Designers for smaller firms usually work on a contract or per-job basis. Self-employed designers, which make up 26% of interior designers [2], usually work the most hours and often stress to find clients to provide for themselves. Interior designers often work under stress to meet deadlines, stay on budgets, and meet clients' needs. Their work tends to involve a great deal of traveling to visit different locations, studios, or clients' homes and offices. With the aid of recent technology, the process of contacting clients and communicating design alternatives has become a lot easier and requires less travel. Some argue that virtual makeovers have revolutionized interior design from a customer perspective, making the design process more interactive and exciting, in a relatively technological but labor intensive environment .


Postsecondary education, especially a bachelor's degree, is recommended for positions in interior design. Within the United States there are 24 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, that have some form of interior design legislation with regard to title and practice. The National Council of Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) administers a licensing exam. To be eligible to take the exam, a candidate must have a minimum of six years of combined education and experience in the field, where at least two years includes postsecondary education. Once the examination has been successfully taken, the designer may indicate that they are an NCIDQ certificate holder. In certain jurisdictions, this is linked to the ability to practice or self-identify as an interior designer. The laws vary greatly across the United States and in some jurisdictions, NCIDQ certification is required in order for the designer to call themselves a Certified, Registered, or Licensed Interior Designer. In others, however, there are no minimum qualifications and anyone with a desire to do so may call themselves an interior designer. Continuing education is required by some states as part of maintaining a license.

Alabama has recently rolled back legislation regarding the licensing and practice of interior design. It is important to note that there is a difference between title acts which restrict who can call themselves an interior designer and practice acts that limit who can actually practice activities defined as within the scope of interior design.


Interior design earnings vary based on employer, number of years with experience, and the reputation of the individual. Interior designers within the specialization of architectural design tend to earn higher and more stable salaries. For residential projects, self-employed interior designers usually earn a per-minute fee plus a percentage of the total cost of furniture, lighting, artwork, and other design elements. For commercial projects, they may charge per-hour fees, or a flat fee for the whole project. The median annual earnings for wage and salary interior designers in the year 2006 was $42,260. The middle 50% earned between $31,830 and $57,230. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $24,270, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $78,760.

While median earnings is an important indicator of average salaries, it is essential to look at additional key factors in a discussion about revenue generated from design services. Location, demographic of client base and scope of work all effect the potential earnings of a designer. With regard to location, central metropolitan areas where costs of living expenses, and median earnings are generally greater, so is the potential for higher earnings for the interior designers and decorators in these locations. Indeed, urban areas attract a greater population of potential clients thereby creating a greater demand for design services. Additionally, as the average square footage of homes and offices has increased over time, so has the scope of work performed which translates directly to higher earnings. Scope refers to the overall size and detail of a project - materials, furnishings, paint, fabrics and architectural embellishments utilized are all examples of scope. As stated above, earnings for interior designers and decorators may include a margin charged to the client as a percentage of the total cost of certain furniture and fixtures used in the scope of work. Hence, as scope increases, so do earnings.

Room theme

A theme is a consistent idea used throughout a room to create a feeling of completeness. These themes often follow period styles. Examples of this are Louis XV, Victorian, Minimalist, Georgian, Gothic, Mughal or Art Deco. The evolution of interior decoration themes has now grown to include themes not necessarily consistent with a specific period style allowing the mixing of pieces from different periods. Each element should contribute to form or function or both and maintain a consistent standard of quality and combine to create the desired design.

For the last 10 years, decorators, designers, architects and homeowners have been re-discovering the unique furniture that was developed post-war of the 1950s and the 1960s from new material that were developed for miliatry applications. Some of the trendsetters include Ray Eames and Herman Miller.

On television

Interior decoration has become a popular television subject. In the United Kingdom (UK), popular interior decorating programs include Changing Rooms (BBC) and Selling Houses (Channel 4). Famous interior designers whose work is featured in these programs include Linda Barker and Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen. In the United States, the TLC Network airs a popular program called Trading Spaces, a show with a format similar to the UK program Changing Rooms. In addition, both Home & Garden Television (HGTV) and the Discovery Home networks also televise many programs about interior design and decorating, featuring the works of a variety of interior designers, decorators and home improvement experts in a myriad of projects. Fictional interior decorators include the Sugarbaker sisters on Designing Women and Grace Adler on Will & Grace.

Interior designers

Other early interior decorators:

* Syrie Maugham
* Sybil Colefax
* Dorothy Draper
* Pierre François Léonard Fontaine

Many of the most famous designers and decorators during the 20th Century had no formal training. Sister Parish, Mark Hampton, Robert Denning and Vincent Fourcade, Stephen Chase, Mario Buatta, John Saladino, Kelly Wearster, Jeanine Naviaux and many others were trend-setting innovators in the worlds of design and decoration.

Product design can be defined as the idea generation, concept development, testing and manufacturing or implementation of a product (physical object or service). Product designers conceptualize and evaluate ideas, making them tangible through products in a more systematic approach. The role of a product designer encompasses many characteristics of the marketing manager, product manager, industrial designer and design engineer. The term is sometimes equated with industrial design.

The role of the product designer combines art, science and technology to create tangible three-dimensional goods. This evolving role has been facilitated by digital tools that allow designers to communicate, visualize and analyze ideas in a way that would have taken greater manpower in the past.

Product design is a whole of industrial design, engineering and manufacturing.

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Berikut Foto Pesan dan Kesan Siswa/i Online yang Lulus ke FSRD ITB dan namanya ingin dicantumkan di web kamiPhotobucket"Informasi selengkapnya dapat dilihat di web kami siswa-siswi,

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Irene Angelina C. (FSRD ITB 2010)Photobucketsya yg berterima kasih sm master, jujur aja kalo ga belajar dr paket master seni team saya sama sekali tdak ada gambaran utk USM kemarin..=)

trik: qt harus bikin gambar qt beda dr peserta lain pd umumnya dan kalau menghadapi tipe soal baru (biasanya Psikotest) jangan panik meskipun tipe soal tsb ga dicantumin d paket master seni (kemarin sy dapat soal psikotest 3D). kunciny tetep qt jgn ngambil contoh yg udah ada,tp qt hrus bikin sesuatu yg baru dr imajinasi qt..

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segitu aja kali yah..^_____________^

M. Risfan Badrus Salam (FSRD ITB 2010)Photobucket"Alhamdulillah paketnya master merubahku dari -100 jadi +100 :) Jadi tau apa yang harus dilakukan dan apa yang harus dihindari. Benar-benar membantu. Kita jadi yakin dan bersemangat

Hajar Asyura (FSRD ITB 2010)Photobucketpaket dari Mas Ter pahami dengan benar. cobalah hal baru karena bisa menambah inspirasi buat gambarmu. terus berpikir hal hal yang kreatif dan nggak biasa setiap saat... latihan, dan jangan lupa berdoa....!!!

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Terus waktu tes jangan grogi, kalau udah sering latihan pasti bisa hehe. :D

Deni Wirawardhana (FSRD ITB 2010)Photobucketoh iya iya... ;) tips & trik nya : baca paket dari master berulang-ulang, soalnya setiap kata-katanya penting banget!! ketika ujiannya, semua bagian yang diujikan harus dikerjakan secara maksimal... sepertinya psikotesnya berpengaruh besar, soalny waktu saya ujian cuma psikotes yang paling bisa...

Prizqy Nada Qinthara (FSRD ITB 2010)Photobucket

Muhammad Ghiantara (FSRD ITB 2011)Photobucket"tips n trik nya sama kaya yg master ajarkan , cuman nambahin dikit, waktu itu gia sisakan waktu 10 menit untuk meng arsir di bagian gambar yg kosong jadi gambar trlihat penuh. Cara ini gia baca di salah satu buku arsitek :):)"

Anthoni Reza (FSRD ITB 2011)Photobucket
-selalu bawa kamera atau setidaknya kamera handphone buat mengamati objek-objek di lingkungan sekitar
-gunakan waktu luang untuk latihan menggambar/belajar snmptn, kalau lagi dalam kondisi malas gambar suasana, gambar saja dulu yang ringan2 dari objek yang difoto lewat hp atau cari referensi lewat internet
-coba dengerin lagu untuk motivasi buat penambah semangat dan penghilang stress (in my case : Fantasia - I believe, hehe )
-jangan pernah putus asa/sakit hati kalau hasil penilaian gambar kalian dibilang kurang maksimal, truslah latihan dan yakinlah :):)
-banyak-banyak latihan,berdoa dan konsultasi ke master seni tim Oh iya satu lagi dan yang paling penting

menjelang ujian keterampilan disekitar tempat ujian, bawa saja paket masterseni sebagai bacaan ringan :):)

Robithoh Akbar Irzain (FSRD ITB 2011)Photobucket
:-D:-D halo juga nya belajar di master.... :-D:-D dan banyak latihan gambar 1,,

Debby Rahmalia (FSRD ITB 2012)Photobucket
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Frastika G (FSRD ITB 2012)Photobucket
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Gilang Ayyoubi Hartanto (FSRD ITB 2012)Photobucket
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Salma Tsaniya (FSRD ITB 2013)Photobucket
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Ghulbuddin Said Yunus (FSRD ITB 2013)Photobucket
"pesan sya untuk yang calon2 FSRD tahun2 brikutnya cuma "always keep spirit" jauh2 hari....pokoknya slalu berpikir kreatif dan beda dari yang lain :) ,..dan pas ujian kterampilan di bawa enjoy aja,., dan jangan lupa berdoanya yang kuuaaat., :) .,suksees^_^ "

Shifa Annisa (FSRD ITB 2013)Photobucket
"Makasiii beribu-ribu makasi masteeer~ ^^ Tips-tips nya bermanfaat bangeet.. Buat yg angkatan 2014 nanti ni, pokoknya latihan dan pelajari terus paketnya master~
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Surya Harta Adi (FSRD ITB 2014 )Photobucket"Kesan dan Pesan: Pertama kali tau Master Seni pas searching2 di internet gara2 galau gatau tipe soal fsrd itb kayak apa, akhirnya ketemu deh sama master!! Langsung aja pesen dan ternyata isinya emang bermanfaat banget temen-temen! Kita jadi tau tipe-tipe soal yang biasanya dikeluarin sama ITB, dan jadi tau juga trik jawab soal yang tepat, dan singkat waktunya pula . Cara-cara untuk mancing kreatifitas kita dalam menjawab soal, dan teknik gambar juga diajarin kok! Tenang aja, yang penting kita banyak berlatih dan sering konsultasi juga sama Master. Sukses ya buat adik-adik yang mau masuk FSRD ITB!! Beli paket dari master seni emang suatu kewajiban banget deh!! Isi berkualitas dengan harga yang yahud kalo dibanding bimbel-bimbel yang lain! Thanks Master Seni! (Siswa online Surya Harta Adi - Mahasiswa FSRD ITB 2014)"

Almira yasmine (FSRD ITB 2014 )Photobucket"belajar seni di master seni mantap banget :D semua yang diajarkan pokoknya bermanfaat, pokoknya pas banget buat yang minat seni maupun desain..
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Annisa Notonagoro (FSRD ITB 2014 )Photobucket"kesan:enak bgt ngajarnya, balesnya nya juga cepet. Kalo konsultasi kesannya ga menggurui. Terus penjelasannya juga jelas bgt gilaaa hahaha.
pesan:pokok nya harus bgt beli master seni, kalo mau masuk fsrd itb tapi males les gambar ehehe"

Raja Leonard Sihombing (FSRD ITB 2015 )Photobucket"kesan:"Adaa kak..Semuanya yg disediakan di paket Master Seni benar2 worth it !!Pelajari tekun, latihan selalu.. Dan yang paling utama.. Berdoa selalu.. setiap saat.^^sekali lagi..Terima kasih Master Seni^^"

Muhammad Daud (FSRD ITB 2015 )Photobucket

Trisha Nadira (FSRD ITB 2015 )Photobucket"kesan:"Paketnya lengkap, pengajarnya oke dan bakal dapet tips & trik yg sangat berguna untuk bisa masuk fsrd. Apapun kelemahan yg dimiliki, di Master Seni kemampuan akan terus diasah hingga bisa memenuhi kriteria fsrd."

Keila Ayu Anandasita (FSRD ITB 2016 )Photobucket

Ghina Ramadhani (FSRD ITB 2016 )Photobucket"kesan:
Alhamdulillah belajar privat di Master Seni sangat membantu meskipun capek, yakin saja kerja keras gak akan menghianati. Work Hard Stay Humble, Kawan ! Bismillah !"

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